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技术文章
重金属检测方法汇总
发布时间:2017-03-29   点击次数:836次

一、重金属的危害特性

  CONGHUANJINGWURANFANGMIANSUOSHUODEZHONGJINSHU,SHIJISHANGZHUYAOSHIZHIGONG、GE、QIAN、GE、SHENDENGJINSHUHUOLEIJINSHU,YEZHIJUYOUYIDINGDUXINGDEYIBANZHONGJINSHU,RUTONG、XIN、NIE、GU、XIDENG。WOMENCONGZIRANXING、DUXING、HUOXINGHECHIJIUXING、SHENGWUKEFENJIEXING、SHENGWULEIJIXING,DUISHENGWUTIZUOYONGDEJIAHEXINGDENGJIGEFANGMIANDUIZHONGJINSHUDEWEIHAISHAOZUOLUNSHU。

(一)自然性:

ZHANGQISHENGHUOZAIZIRANHUANJINGZHONGDERENLEI,DUIYUZIRANWUZHIYOUJIAOQIANGDESHIYINGNENGLI。YOURENFENXILERENTIZHONG60DUOZHONGCHANGJIANYUANSUDEFENBUGUILV,FAXIANQIZHONGJUEDADUOSHUYUANSUZAIRENTIXUEYEZHONGDEBAIFENHANLIANGYUTAMENZAIDIQIAOZHONGDEBAIFENHANLIANGJIWEIXIANGSI。DANSHI,RENLEIDUIRENGONGHECHENGDEHUAXUEWUZHI,QINAISHOULIZEYAOXIAODEDUO。SUOYIQUBIEWURANWUDEZIRANHUORENGONGSHUXING,YOUZHUYUGUJITAMENDUIRENLEIDEWEIHAICHENGDU。QIAN、GE、GONG、SHENDENGZHONGJINSHU,SHIYOUYUGONGYEHUODONGDEFAZHAN,YINQIZAIRENLEIZHOUWEIHUANJINGZHONGDEFUJI,TONGGUODAQI、SHUI、SHIPINDENGJINRURENTI,ZAIRENTIMOUXIEQIGUANNEIJILEI,ZAOCHENGMANXINGZHONGDU,WEIHAIRENTIJIANKANG。

(二)毒性:

JUEDINGWURANWUDUXINGQIANGRUODEZHUYAOYINSUSHIQIWUZHIXINGZHI、HANLIANGHECUNZAIXINGTAI。LIRUGEYOUERJIA、SANJIAHELIUJIASANZHONGXINGSHI,QIZHONGLIUJIAGEDEDUXINGHENQIANG,ERSANJIAGESHIRENTIXINCHENDAIXIEDEZHONGYAOYUANSUZHIYI。ZAITIANRANSHUITIZHONGYIBANZHONGJINSHUCHANSHENGDUXINGDEFANWEIDAYUEZAI1~10mg/LZHIJIAN,ERGONG,GEDENGCHANSHENGDUXINGDEFANWEIZAI0.01~0.001mg/LZHIJIAN。

(三)时空分布性:

  WURANWUJINRUHUANJINGHOU,SUIZHESHUIHEKONGQIDELIUDONG,BEIXISHIKUOSAN,KENENGZAOCHENGDIANYUANDAOMIANYUANGENGDAFANWEIDEWURAN,ERQIEZAIBUTONGKONGJIANDEWEIZHISHANG,WURANWUDENONGDUHEQIANGDUFENBUSUIZHESHIJIANDEBIANHUAERBUTONG。

(四)活性和持久性:

北美娱乐HUOXINGHECHIJIUXINGBIAOMINGWURANWUZAIHUANJINGZHONGDEWENDINGCHENGDU。HUOXINGGAODEWURANWUZHI,ZAIHUANJINGZHONGHUOZAICHULIGUOCHENGZHONGYIFASHENGHUAXUEFANYING,DUXINGJIANGDI,DANYEKENENGSHENGCHENGBIYUANLAIDUXINGGENGQIANGDEWURANWU,GOUCHENGERCIWURAN。RUGONGKEZHUANHUACHENGJIAJIGONG,DUXINGHENQIANG。YUHUOXINGXIANGFAN,CHIJIUXINGZEBIAOSHIYOUXIEWURANWUZHINENGZHANGQIDIBAOCHIQIWEIHAIXING,RUZHONGJINSHUQIAN、GEDENGDOUJUYOUDUXINGQIEZAIZIRANJIENANYIJIANGJIE,BINGKECHANSHENGSHENGWUXUJI,ZHANGQIWEIXIERENLEIDEJIANKANGHESHENGCUN。

(五)生物可分解性:

北美娱乐YOUXIEWURANWUNENGBEISHENGWUSUOXISHOU、LIYONGBINGFENJIE,zuiHOUSHENGCHENGWUHAIDEWENDINGWUZHI。DADUOSHUYOUJIWUDOUYOUBEISHENGWUFENJIEDEKENENGXING,ERDADUOSHUZHONGJINSHUDOUBUYIBEISHENGWUFENJIE,YINCIZHONGJINSHUWURANYIDANFASHENG,ZHILIGENGNAN,WEIHAIGENGDA。

(六)生物累积性:

SHENGWULEIJIXINGBAOKUOLIANGGEFANGMIAN:YISHIWURANWUZAIHUANJINGZHONGTONGGUOSHIWULIANHEHUAXUEWULIZUOYONGERLEIJI。ERSHIWURANWUZAIRENTIMOUXIEQIGUANZUZHIZHONGYOUYUZHANGQISHERUDELEIJI。RUGEKEZAIRENTIDEGAN、SHENDENGQIGUANZUZHIZHONGXUJI,ZAOCHENGGEQIGUANZUZHIDESUNSHANG。YOURU1953NIANZHI1961NIAN,FASHENGZAIRIBENDESHUIYUBINGSHIJIAN,WUJIGONGZAIHAISHUIZHONGZHUANHUACHENGJIAJIGONG,BEIYULEI、BEILEISHERULEIJI,JINGGUOSHIWULIANDESHENGWUFANGDAZUOYONG,DANGDIJUMINSHIYONGHOUZHONGDU。

(七)对生物体作用的加和性:

北美娱乐DUOZHONGWURANWUZHITONGSHICUNZAI,DUISHENGWUTIXIANGHUZUOYONG。WURANWUDUISHENGWUTIDEZUOYONGJIAHEXINGYOULIANGLEI:YILEISHIXIETONGZUOYONG,HUNHEWURANWUSHIQIDUIHUANJINGDEWEIHAIBIWURANWUZHIDEJIANDANXIANGJIAGENGWEIYANZHONG;LINGYILEISHIJIEKANGZUOYONG,WURANWUGONGCUNSHISHIWEIHAIHUXIANGXUERUO。

二、重金属的定量检测技术

北美娱乐TONGCHANGRENKEDEZHONGJINSHUFENXIFANGFAYOU:ZIWAIKEFENGUANGGUANGDUFA(UV)、YUANZIXISHOUFA(AAS)、YUANZIYINGGUANGFA(AFS)、DIANGANOUHEDENGLIZITIFA(ICP)、XYINGGUANGGUANGPU(XRF)、DIANGANOUHEDENGLIZIZHIPUFA(ICP-MS)。RIBENHEOUMENGGUOJIAYOUDECAIYONGDIANGANOUHEDENGLIZIZHIPUFA(ICP-MS)FENXI,DANDUIGUONEIYONGHUERYAN,YIQICHENGBENGAO。YANGJIRONGCHUFA,JIANCESUDUKUAI,SHUZHIZHUNQUE,KEYONGYUXIANCHANGDENGHUANJINGYINGJIJIANCE。XYINGGUANGGUANGPU(XRF)FENXI,YOUDIANSHIWUSUNJIANCE,KEZHIJIEFENXICHENGPIN。

(一)原子吸收光谱法(AAS)

YUANZIXISHOUGUANGPUFASHI20SHIJI50NIANDAICHUANGLIDEYIZHONGXINXINGYIQIFENXIFANGFA,TAYUZHUYAOYONGYUWUJIYUANSUDINGXINGFENXIDEYUANZIFASHEGUANGPUFAXIANGFUXIANGCHENG,YICHENGWEIDUIWUJIHUAHEWUJINXINGYUANSUDINGLIANGFENXIDEZHUYAOSHOUDUAN。

北美娱乐YUANZIXISHOUFENXIGUOCHENGRUXIA:1、JIANGYANGPINZHICHENGRONGYE(KONGBAI);2、ZHIBEIYIXILIEYIZHINONGDUDEFENXIYUANSUDEXIAOZHENGRONGYE(BIAOYANG);3、YICICECHUKONGBAIJIBIAOYANGDEXIANGYINGZHI;4、YIJUSHANGSHUXIANGYINGZHIHUICHUXIAOZHENGQUXIAN;5、CECHUWEIZHIYANGPINDEXIANGYINGZHI;6、YIJUXIAOZHENGQUXIANJIWEIZHIYANGPINDEXIANGYINGZHIDECHUYANGPINDENONGDUZHI。

北美娱乐XIANZAIYOUYUJISUANJIJISHU、HUAXUEJILIANGXUEDEFAZHANHEDUOZHONGXINXINGYUANQIJIANDECHUXIAN,SHIYUANZIXISHOUGUANGPUYIDEJINGMIDU、ZHUNQUEDUHEZIDONGHUACHENGDUDADATIGAO。YONGWEICHULIJIKONGZHIDEYUANZIXISHOUGUANGPUYI,JIANHUALECAOZUOCHENGXU,JIEYUELEFENXISHIJIAN。XIANZAIYIYANZHICHUQIXIANGSEPU—YUANZIXISHOUGUANGPU(GC-AAS)DELIANYONGYIQI,JINYIBUTUOZHANLEYUANZIXISHOUGUANGPUFADEYINGYONGLINGYU。

(二)紫外可见分光光度法(UV)

QIJIANCEYUANLISHI:ZHONGJINSHUYUXIANSEJI—TONGCHANGWEIYOUJIHUAHEWU,KEYUZHONGJINSHUFASHENGLUOHEFANYING,SHENGCHENGYOUSEFENZITUAN,RONGYEYANSESHENQIANYUNONGDUCHENGZHENGBI。ZAITEDINGBOZHANGXIA,BISEJIANCE。

北美娱乐FENGUANGGUANGDUFENXIYOULIANGZHONG,YIZHONGSHILIYONGWUZHIBENSHENDUIZIWAIJIKEJIANGUANGDEXISHOUJINXINGCEDING;LINGYIZHONGSHISHENGCHENGYOUSEHUAHEWU,JI“XIANSE”,RANHOUCEDING。SUIRANBUSHAOWUJILIZIZAIZIWAIHEKEJIANGUANGQUYOUXISHOU,DANYINYIBANQIANGDUJIAORUO,SUOYIZHIJIEYONGYUDINGLIANGFENXIDEJIAOSHAO。JIARUXIANSEJISHIDAICEWUZHIZHUANHUAWEIZAIZIWAIHEKEJIANGUANGQUYOUXISHOUDEHUAHEWULAIJINXINGGUANGDUCEDING,ZHEISHIMUQIANYINGYONGzuiGUANGFANDECESHISHOUDUAN。XIANSEJIFENWEIWUJIXIANSEJIHEYOUJIXIANSEJI,ERYIYOUJIXIANSEJISHIYONGJIAODUO。DADUODANGSHUYOUJIXIANSEJIBENSHENWEIYOUSEHUAHEWU,YUJINSHULIZIFANYINGSHENGCHENGDEHUAHEWUYIBANSHIWENDINGDEAOHEWU。XIANSEFANYINGDEXUANZEXINGHELINGMINDUDOUJIAOGAO。YOUXIEYOUSEAOHEWUYIRONGYUYOUJIRONGJI,KEJINXINGCUIQUJINTIHOUBISEJIANCE。JINNIANLAIXINGCHENGDUOYUANPEIHEWUDEXIANSETIXISHOUDAOGUANZHU。DUOYUANPEIHEWUDEZHISANGEHUOSANGEYISHANGZUFENXINGCHENGDEPEIHEWU。LIYONGDUOYUANPEIHEWUDEXINGCHENGKETIGAOFENGUANGGUANGDUCEDINGDELINGMINDU,GAISHANFENXITEXING。XIANSEJIZAIQIANCHULICUIQUHEJIANCEBISEFANGMIANDEXUANZEHESHIYONGSHIJINNIANLAIFENGUANGGUANGDUFADEZHONGYAOYANJIUKETI。

(三)原子荧光法(AFS)

北美娱乐YUANZIYINGGUANGGUANGPUFASHITONGGUOCELIANGDAICEYUANSUDEYUANZIZHENGQIZAITEDINGPINLVFUSHENENGJIYIXIASUOCHANSHENGDEYINGGUANGFASHEQIANGDU,YICILAICEDINGDAICEYUANSUHANLIANGDEFANGFA。

YUANZIYINGGUANGGUANGPUFASUISHIYIZHONGFASHEGUANGPUFA,DANTAHEYUANZIXISHOUGUANGPUFAMIQIEXIANGGUAN,JIANYOUYUANZIFASHEHEYUANZIXISHOULIANGZHONGFENXIFANGFADEYOUDIAN,YOUKEFULELIANGZHONGFANGFADEBUZU。YUANZIYINGGUANGGUANGPUJUYOUFASHEPUXIANJIANDAN,LINGMINDUGAOYUYUANZIXISHOUGUANGPUFA,XIANXINGFANWEIJIAOKUANGANRAOSHAODETEDIAN,NENGGOUJINXINGDUOYUANSUTONGSHICEDING。YUANZIYINGGUANGGUANGPUYIKEYONGYUFENXIGONG、SHEN、TI、BI、XI、DI、QIAN、XI、ZHE、GEXINDENG11ZHONGYUANSU。XIANYIGUANGFANYONGHUANJINGJIANCE、YIYAO、DIZHI、NONGYE、YINYONGSHUIDENGLINGYU。ZAIGUOBIAOZHONG,SHIPINZHONGSHEN、GONGDENGYUANSUDECEDINGBIAOZHUNZHONGYIJIANGYUANZIYINGGUANGGUANGPUFADINGWEI*FA。

QITAIZIYOUYUANZIXISHOUTEZHENGBOZHANGFUSHEHOU,YUANZIDEWAICENGDIANZICONGJITAIHUODINENGTAIHUIYUEQIANDAOGAONENGTAI,TONGSHIFASHECHUYUYUANJIFABOZHANGXIANGTONGHUOBUTONGDENENGLIANGFUSHE,JIYUANZIYINGGUANG。YUANZIYINGGUANGDEFASHEQIANGDUIfYUYUANZIHUAQIZHONGDANWEITIJIZHONGGAIYUANSUDEJITAIYUANZISHUNCHENGZHENGBI。DANGYUANZIHUAXIAOLVHEYINGGUANGLIANGZIXIAOLVGUDINGSHI,YUANZIYINGGUANGQIANGDUYUSHIYANGNONGDUCHENGZHENGBI。

XIANYIYANZHICHUKEDUIDUOYUANSUTONGSHICEDINGDEYUANZIYINGGUANGGUANGPUYI,TAYIDUOGEGAOQIANGDUKONGXINYINJIDENGWEIGUANGYUAN,YIJUYOUHENGAOWENDUDEDIANGANOUHEDENGLIZITI(ICP)ZUOWEIYUANZIHUAQI,KESHIDUOZHONGYUANSUTONGSHISHIXIANYUANZIHUA。DUOYUANSUFENXIXITONGYIICPYUANZIHUAQIWEIZHONGXIN,ZAIZHOUWEIANZHUANGDUOGEJIANCEDANYUAN,YUKONGXINYINJIDENGYIYICHENGZHIJIAODUIYING,CHANSHENGDEYINGGUANGYONGGUANGDIANBEIZENGGUANJIANCE。GUANGDIANZHUANHUANHOUDEDIANXINHAOJINGFANGDAHOU,YOUJISUANJICHULIJIUHUODEGEYUANSUFENXIJIEGUO。

(四)电化学法—阳极溶出伏安法

北美娱乐   DIANHUAXUEFASHIJINNIANLAIFAZHANJIAOKUAIDEYIZHONGFANGFA,TAYIJINGDIANJIPUFAWEIYITUO,ZAICIJICHUSHANGYOUYANSHENGCHUSHIBOJIPU、YANGJIRONGCHUFUANFADENGFANGFA。DIANHUAXUEFADEJIANCEXIANJIAODI,CESHILINGMINDUJIAOGAO,ZHIDETUIGUANGYINGYONG。RUGUOBIAOZHONGQIANDECEDINGFANGFAZHONGDEDIWUFAHEGEDECEDINGFANGFADEDIERFAJUNWEISHIBOJIPUFA。

北美娱乐YANGJIRONGCHUFUANFASHIJIANGHENGDIANWEIDIANJIEFUJIYUFUANFACEDINGXIANGJIEHEDEYIZHONGDIANHUAXUEFENXIFANGFA。ZHEIZHONGFANGFAYICIKELIANXUCEDINGDUOZHONGJINSHULIZI,ERQIELINGMINDUHENGAO,NENGCEDING10-7-10-9mol/LDEJINSHULIZI。CIFASUOYONGYIQIBIJIAOJIANDAN,CAOZUOFANGBIAN,SHIYIZHONGHENHAODEHENLIANGFENXISHOUDUAN。WOGUOYIJINGBANBULESHIYONGYUHUAXUESHIJIZHONGJINSHUZAZHICEDINGDEYANGJIRONGCHUFUANFAGUOJIABIAOZHUN。

YANGJIRONGCHUFUANFACEDINGFENLIANGGEBUZHOU。*BUWEI“DIANXI”,JIZAIYIGEHENGDIANWEIXIA,JIANGBEICELIZIDIANJIECHENJI,FUJIZAIGONGZUODIANJISHANGYUDIANJISHANGGONGSHENGCHENGGONGQI。DUIJIDINGDEJINSHULIZILAISHUO,RUGUOJIAOBANSUDUHENGDING,YUDIANJIESHIJIANGUDING,ZEm=Kc,JIDIANJIDEJINSHULIANGYUBEICEJINSHULILEDENONGDUCHENGZHENGBI。DIERBUWEI“RONGCHU”,JIZAIFUJIJIESHUHOU,YIBANJINGZHI30sHUO60sHOU,ZAIGONGZUODIANJISHANGSHIJIAYIGEFANXIANGDIANYA,YOUFUXIANGZHENGSAOMIAO,JIANGGONGQIZHONGJINSHUZHONGXINYANGHUAWEILIZIHUIGUIRONGYEZHONG,CHANSHENGYANGHUADIANLIU,JILUDIANYA-DIANLIUQUXIAN,JIFUANQUXIAN。QUXIANCHENGFENGXING,FENGZHIDIANLIUYURONGYEZHONGBEICELILEDENONGDUCHENGZHENGBI,KEZUOWEIDINGLIANGFENXIDEYIJU,FENGZHIDIANWEIKEZUOWEIDINGXINGFENXIDEYIJU。

北美娱乐SHIBOJIPUFAYOUCHENG“DANSAOMIAOJIPUFENXIFA”。YIZHONGJIPUFENXIXINLIYIFA。TASHIYIZHONGKUAISUJIARUDIANJIEDIANYADEJIPUFA。CHANGZAIDIGONGDIANJIMEIYIGONGDICHENGZHANGHOUQI,ZAIDIANJIECHIDELIANGJISHANG,XUNSUJIARUYIJUCHIXINGMAICHONGDIANYA,ZAIJIMIAOZHONGNEIDECHUYICIJIPUTU,WEILEKUAISUJILUJIPUTU,TONGCHANGYONGSHIBOGUANDEYINGGUANGPINGZUOXIANSHIGONGJU,YINCICHENGWEISHIBOJIPUFA。QIYOUDIAN:KUAISU、LINGMIN。

(五)X射线荧光光谱法(XRF)

XSHEXIANYINGGUANGGUANGPUFASHILIYONGYANGPINDUIxSHEXIANDEXISHOUSUIYANGPINZHONGDECHENGFENJIQIDUOSHAOBIANHUAERBIANHUALAIDINGXINGHUODINGLIANGCEDINGYANGPINZHONGCHENGFENDEYIZHONGFANGFA。TAJUYOUFENXIXUNSU、YANGPINQIANCHULIJIANDAN、KEFENXIYUANSUFANWEIGUANG、PUXIANJIANDAN,GUANGPUGANRAOSHAO,SHIYANGXINGTAIDUOYANGXINGJICEDINGSHIDEFEIPOHUAIXINGDENGTEDIAN。TABUJINYONGYUCHANGLIANGYUANSUDEDINGXINGHEDINGLIANGFENXI,ERQIEYEKEJINXINGWEILIANGYUANSUDECEDING,QIJIANCHUXIANDUOSHUKEDA10-6。YUFENLI、FUJIDENGSHOUDUANXIANGJIEHE,KEDA10-8。CELIANGDEYUANSUFANWEIBAOKUOZHOUQIBIAOZHONGCONGF-UDESUOYOUYUANSU。DUODAOFENXIYI,ZAIJIFENZHONGZHINEIKETONGSHICEDING20DUOZHONGYUANSUDEHANLIANG。

xSHEXIANYINGGUANGFABUJINKEYIFENXIKUAIZHUANGYANGPIN,HAIKEDUIDUOCENGDUMODEGECENGDUMOFENBIEJINXINGCHENGFENHEMOHOUDEFENXI。

DANGSHIYANGSHOUDAOxSHEXIAN,GAONENGLIZISHU,ZIWAIGUANGDENGZHAOSHESHI,YOUYUGAONENGLIZIHUOGUANGZIYUSHIYANGYUANZIPENGZHUANG,JIANGYUANZINEICENGDIANZIZHUCHUXINGCHENGKONGXUE,SHIYUANZICHUYUJIFATAI,ZHEIZHONGJIFATAILIZISHOUMINGHENDUAN,DANGWAICENGDIANZIXIANGNEICENGKONGXUEYUEQIANSHI,DUOYUDENENGLIANGJIYIxSHEXIANDEXINGSHIFANGCHU,BINGZAIJIAOWAICENGCHANSHENGXINDEKONGXUEHECHANSHENGXINDExSHEXIANFASHE,ZHEIYANGBIANCHANSHENGYIXILIEDETEZHENGxSHEXIAN。TEZHENGxSHEXIANSHIGEZHONGYUANSUGUYOUDE,TAYUYUANSUDEYUANZIXISHUYOUGUAN。SUOYIZHIYAOCECHULETEZHENGxSHEXIANDEBOZHANGλ,JIUKEYIQIUCHUCHANSHENGGAIBOZHANGDEYUANSU。JIKEZUODINGXINGFENXI。ZAIYANGPINZUCHENGJUNYUN,BIAOMIANGUANGHUAPINGZHENG,YUANSUJIANWUXIANGHUJIFADETIAOJIANXIA,DANGYONGxSHEXIAN(YICIxSHEXIAN)ZUOJIFAYUANZHAOSHESHIYANG,SHISHIYANGZHONGYUANSUCHANSHENGTEZHENGxSHEXIAN(YINGGUANGxSHEXIAN)SHI,RUOYUANSUHESHIYANTIAOJIANYIYANG,YINGGUANGxSHEXIANQIANGDUYUFENXIYUANSUHANLIANGZHIJIANCUNZAIXIANXINGGUANXI。GENJUPUXIANDEQIANGDUKEYIJINXINGDINGLIANGFENXI

(六)电感耦合等离子体质谱法(ICP-MS)

北美娱乐ICP-MSDEJIANCHUXIANJIRENJISHENKEDEYINXIANG,QIRONGYEDEJIANCHUXIANDABUFENWEIpptJI,SHIJIDEJIANCHUXIANBUKENENGYOUYUSHIYANSHIDEQINGJIETIAOJIAN。BIXUZHICHU,ICP-MSDEpptJIJIANCHUXIANSHIZHENDUIRONGYEZHONGRONGJIEWUZHIHENSHAODEDANCHUNRONGYEERYANDE,RUOSHEJIGUTIZHONGNONGDUDEJIANCHUXIAN,YOUYUICP-MSDENAIYANLIANGJIAOCHA,ICP-MSJIANCHUXIANDEYOUDIANHUIBIANCHADUODA50BEI,YIXIEPUTONGDEQINGYUANSU(RUS、 Ca、 Fe 、K、 Se)ZAIICP-MSZHONGYOUYANZHONGDEGANRAO,YEJIANGEHUAQIJIANCHUXIAN。

ICP-MSYOUZUOWEILIZIYUANICPYANJU,JIEKOUZHUANGZHIHEZUOWEIJIANCEQIDEZHIPUYISANBUFENZUCHENG。

北美娱乐ICP-MSSUOYONGDIANLIYUANSHIGANYINGOUHEDENGLIZITI(ICP),QIZHUTISHIYIGEYOUSANCENGSHIYINGTAOGUANZUCHENGDEJUGUAN,JUGUANSHANGDUANRAOYOUFUZAIXIANQUAN,SANCENGGUANCONGLIDAOWAIFENBIETONGZAIQI,FUZHUQIHELENGQUEQI,FUZAIXIANQUANYOUGAOPINDIANYUANOUHEGONGDIAN,CHANSHENGCHUIZHIYUXIANQUANPINGMIANDECICHANG。RUGUOTONGGUOGAOPINZHUANGZHISHIYAQIDIANLI,ZEYALIZIHEDIANZIZAIDIANCICHANGZUOYONGXIAYOUHUIYUQITAYAYUANZIPENGZHUANGCHANSHENGGENGDUODELIZIHEDIANZI,XINGCHENGWOLIU。QIANGDADEDIANLIUCHANSHENGGAOWEN,SHUNJIANSHIYAQIXINGCHENGWENDUKEDA10000kDEDENGLIZIYANJU。BEIFENXIYANGPINTONGCHANGYISHUIRONGYEDEQIRONGJIAOXINGSHIYINRUYAQILIUZHONG,RANHOUJINRUYOUSHEPINNENGLIANGJIFADECHUYUDAQIYAXIADEYADENGLIZITIZHONGXINQU,DENGLIZITIDEGAOWENSHIYANGPINQURONGJIHUA,QIHUAJIELIHEDIANLI。BUFENDENGLIZITIJINGGUOBUTONGDEYALIQUJINRUZHENKONGXITONG,ZAIZHENKONGXITONGNEI,ZHENGLIZIBEILACHUBINGANZHAOQIZHIHEBIFENLI。ZAIFUZAIXIANQUANSHANGMIANYUE10mmCHU,YANJUWENDUDAYUEWEI8000K,ZAIZHEIMEGAODEWENDUXIA,DIANLINENGDIYU7eVDEYUANSUWANQUANDIANLI,DIANLINENGDIYU10.5evDEYUANSUDIANLIDUDAYU20%。YOUYUDABUFENZHONGYAODEYUANSUDIANLINENGDOUDIYU10.5eV,YINCIDOUYOUHENGAODELINGMINDU,SHAOSHUDIANLINENGJIAOGAODEYUANSU,RUC,O,Cl,BrDENGYENENGJIANCE,ZHISHILINGMINDUJIAODI.

     

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